AFO co to jest i do czego służy?

AFO to skrót od Ankle Foot Orthoses, czyli orteza na staw skokowy i stopę. Afo w dzisiejszych czasach wykonuje się z włókna węglowego, by było sztywne, ale przy tym lekkie.

AFO  ( Ankle-Foot Orthosis) – jedna z najbardziej popularnych ortez stosowanych w mózgowym porażeniu dziecięcym i innych neurologicznych schorzeniach, obejmuje całą stopę wraz z stawem skokowym sięgając poniżej stawu kolanowego.

 

AFO i jego zadanie : zapewnia stabilizację stopy i stawu skokowego w czasie chodu w momencie podporu oraz przeciwdziała opadaniu stopy podczas fazy przenoszenia.

 

AFO z uwagi na swoje modyfikacje możemy podzielić także na SAFO ( solid AFO) tzn. sztywne AFO, DAFO ( dynamic AFO) twz. dynamiczne, HAFO ( hinged AFO) tzw. z zawiasem, PLSAFO ( Posterior Leaf Spring AFO) z włóknem węglowym, GRAFO ( Ground Reaction AFO ) tzn. z przednim podparciem.

Powyższe zdjęcie ilustruje ortezy AFO w różnych rozmiarach jednego pacjenta, proszę zwrócić uwagę na to że w sumie każda orteza różni się od siebie. Są  ortezy na kilka rzepów i ze skórą (sznurowane), bardziej i mniej wycięte z tyłu.

Wśród tych ortez są też „te pierwsze”, które niestety były podklejone zamiast dopasowanego buta posiadały podeszwę, która moim zdaniem zupełnie się nie sprawdza w przypadku dzieci chodzących.

 

 

 

 

Uważam, że podklejanie ortezy ma sens jedynie w przypadku pionizacji.

 

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